Ohio has scaled back its climate ambitions in recent years. In 2019, the state revised its renewable target to just 8.5 percent (down from 12.5 percent) of electricity generation by 2026. Signed into law by Republican Governor Mike DeWine and the state legislature, this move supports the state’s major utilities, which own nuclear and coal generation. Beyond coal and nuclear, Ohio has rapidly increased its natural gas production in the Utica Shale formation and also has a number of crude oil refineries. Ohio’s main venture into the renewable space has been in ethanol production, for which it is ranked 8th in the United States. Renewables and the overall green economy will likely see only modest growth in the coming years. However, there has been action at the city level. For instance, Columbus, Cincinnati, Cleveland and others have launched climate programmes to reduce emissions, grow the green economy and establish sustainable practices.


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